Q. Isn’t travel time for business trips equivalent to working time?

A. Travel time for business trips is not treated as working time unless the employee is under the supervision or work instruction of a company. unless the employee is instructed to be available to carry out commands or do whatever work may be necessary for the company during the trips or has pre-arranged work to … Continue reading “Q. Isn’t travel time for business trips equivalent to working time?”

Rising Importance of Industrial Physicians (Company-Designated Medical Doctors)

The Work Style Reform and revisions to the Industry Safety and Health Act (ISHA) has become effective since this April, enhancing functions, duties, and responsibilities of industrial physicians (company-designated medical doctors) in maintaining the health of employees and the labour management. The employer must designate at least one doctor at the working place with 50 … Continue reading “Rising Importance of Industrial Physicians (Company-Designated Medical Doctors)”

About non-renewal of limited term employment contract (Yatoidome)

Is it always Ok not to renew a limited term employment contract when the term is expired? Employers usually choose ‘limited term contract’ for the purpose of workload adjustment. That is, when the business is booming, workforce is in scarce, but when business is declining, the workforce is sometimes redundant. So, it happens that employers … Continue reading “About non-renewal of limited term employment contract (Yatoidome)”

Long-Term Personal Injury and Sickness Leave in Work Rules

The employer is required to pay cautious attention to the employees scheduled to take long-term personal injury or sickness leave. In addition, the employer is not legally required to provide days of long-term injury and sickness leave, whether the employee is paid or unpaid during the leave, since it is not statutory obligation on the … Continue reading “Long-Term Personal Injury and Sickness Leave in Work Rules”

How difficult is it to lay-off or dismiss workers for economic reasons?

Dismissal due to economic reasons also known as ‘redundancy’ is called ‘Seiri-Kaiko’ in Japan. Colloquially, it is often referred as ‘Risutora’ (Short for restructuring). Companies can sometimes have a situation where plant closing, retreat from the market, or by other reasons, reducing workforce is really necessary. In these cases, as in the ‘prohibition of non-rational … Continue reading “How difficult is it to lay-off or dismiss workers for economic reasons?”

Disciplinary Actions in Work Rules

Disciplinary action is one of the most important articles at employment rules. The purpose of disciplinary actions is to maintain the peaceful order of the workplace of the employer by establishing internal rules and regulations in order to run its business efficiently. Disciplinary actions should be conducted only when they are part of an employment … Continue reading “Disciplinary Actions in Work Rules”

Prohibition of non-rational dismissal based on Employment Contract Act

Is it extremely tough to dismiss an employee because of one’s poor performance? The answer is in most cases ‘yes’.  Article 16 of Labor Contracts Act (below)  , stipulates that dismissal lacking rational grounds is invalid.   If a dismissal lacks objectively reasonable grounds and is not considered to be appropriate in general societal terms, it is … Continue reading “Prohibition of non-rational dismissal based on Employment Contract Act”